After Malian mutineers forced Malian president Keita to resign and dissolve parliament and government, Malian mutinous soldiers announced the establishment of the National People’s redemption Committee, a Transitional Authority, in a televised speech on the 19th, saying that it would organize a general election within a reasonable time. As a result, the military mutiny in this West African country on the 18th evolved into a “bloodless” military coup. On August 19, Ismail wager, spokesman of the National People’s salvation Committee and deputy chief of general staff of the air force, issued a statement on national television: “our country is in a state of chaos, anarchy and insecurity, mainly due to the mistakes made by those in charge of its destiny.” The economic community of West African States (EEC), the African Union, the European Union, the United Nations and France have successively denounced Mali’s political situation and called for the restoration of Mali’s constitutional order as soon as possible. Zhao Lijian, spokesman of the Chinese foreign ministry, said on the 19th that China attaches great importance to the situation in Mali and opposes the power change by means of force and other abnormal means, and calls on all parties concerned in Mali to resolve their differences peacefully through dialogue and restore normal order as soon as possible. On the evening of 18th local time, the western community, headquartered in Abuja, Nigeria, issued a communique saying that it would cancel Mali’s membership of the organization, close the border between Member States and Mali, and freeze all capital exchanges between 14 other Member States and Mali. On the afternoon of the 19th local time, the peace and Security Council of the African Union (AU) issued a statement saying that as Malian soldiers launched a coup to overthrow the president and the government, it decided to suspend Mali’s membership of the African Union until the country restored constitutional order, and demanded the release of detained government officials such as resignation president Keita and prime minister. < p > < p > eight years ago, there was a mutiny in the Malian military camp, which also evolved into a coup, leading to the resignation and resignation of the then president. Since then, Mali’s security situation has deteriorated and economic development has stagnated. After two military coups in eight years, why can’t this inland country in West Africa jump out of the cycle of noise and turbulence? In an interview with current affairs, Li Jing, a reporter from CCTV, spoke with he Wenping, a researcher at the Institute of West Asia and Africa, Chinese Academy of social sciences. Reporter: Mr. He, since June this year, the opposition in Mali has organized several rounds of large-scale demonstrations, insisting that President Ketta step down; on August 18, keta and Malian Prime Minister Cisse were detained by mutinous soldiers. Why does the Malian military support the opposition? He Wenping: the main reason is that the situation in Mali has been very turbulent in the past two months. Since the parliamentary election held in Mali in March and April, due to the dissatisfaction of the opposition and the expansion of President keta’s seat in the parliament, there has been a large-scale mass protest wave, which has caused more than 10 deaths in July. In recent years, the economy of Mali is also very bad, and the new epidemic has hit the economy of Mali again. Therefore, the situation and people’s life in Mali are getting worse and worse. However, corruption in the government is becoming more and more serious, and the military can not afford to pay the military. Therefore, the army has chosen to stand by the opposition. Reporter: a similar coup took place in Mali in 2012. Now, eight years later, another military coup has taken place, leading to the overthrow of the current government. Why can’t Mali, a West African country, jump through this vicious circle? He Wenping: Mali is like many African countries. Its economy is underdeveloped, and Mali is even more serious. It is a least developed country. Therefore, the economic foundation is not enough to support the masses from the original tribal attachment state to a real sense of a modern citizen. In fact, some political parties are tribal, and even some national armed forces are tribal and political parties are tribal. Therefore, all of them are based on the tribe. In fact, the election is to seek their own tribe as their support force. < / P > < p > then some such tribes have not been integrated and have been in turmoil. So eight years ago, there was a military coup in Mali, which was a domino effect triggered by the fall of Gaddafi’s regime. Therefore, one is that the economy is seriously backward, and on the other hand, there is no unified cohesion between the state and the nation. Third, many people are not well educated. Reporter: as an African country, the same thing happened in Sudan last year. When the Bashir regime was overthrown, what kind of problems might be exposed in some African countries? He Wenping: there is a common problem exposed, that is, the current economic situation. This time, we can see that President Mali has been on the stage since 2013. The voters have given you such a long time to prove yourself, but none of them can prove that it is not to do the country well, but the economy is getting worse and worse. In addition, it also reflects a problem. In many African countries, tribal conflicts are very sharp. The opposition will take advantage of the difficulties faced by the ruling party of all such governments or problems to mobilize the masses on a large scale. But have you seen the country change? The problem of economy is not that it can be solved quickly by changing one or two people. Therefore, we must cultivate some experts in economic field, have a good team of technicians and have education. Economic work is a long-term process of cultivation, and of course, we need to have a correct development strategy. Reporter: French Foreign Minister Jean Jacques ledrion condemned the mutiny of Malian soldiers on the 18th and urged them to return to the barracks. We know that some time ago, French President Marco ó n went to the explosion site in Lebanon. In this coup in Mali, France made a high-profile statement of its political presence in Africa. Why did France make these political responses? He Wenping: Ma Kelon is a young president. Since he came to power, he has been very high-profile on many international issues. He wants to show that France is still an important force in the world. In particular, he felt that he inherited a statement from his previous French presidents, that is, if France had not lost its influence in Africa, it would not have been able to enter the first-class compartment of a big country. Therefore, if he wants to keep his huge existence in the place where he was entrusted or colonized, it is necessary to preserve France’s own influence and its great power status.