Japanese Defense Minister Taro Kono once again expressed his desire to expand cooperation with the “five eye alliance” in an interview, Japanese media reported recently. Although it is not a full member of the five eye alliance, Japan has been trying to get closer to the organization and try to join it. According to taro Kono, Japan has carried out intelligence sharing with the “five eye alliance” on “different occasions.” if this sharing can continue, Japan may be called the “sixth eye.” Why does Japan try to become the “sixth eye” of the “five eyes alliance”? What is the significance of this to Japan? < p > < p > intelligence, espionage, monitoring, these words represent mysterious and secret struggle. But there is a spy system whose top secret level is unknown to most of its Member States, and that is the alliance of five. As the most powerful monitoring and monitoring alliance in the world, the alliance of five is a transnational intelligence alliance, which was born and evolved from many secret agreements between the United States and Britain after World War II. Its main members include the United States, Britain, Australia, Canada and New Zealand. < / P > < p > the five countries have the following similar characteristics: first, the traditional Protestant countries; second, the former Commonwealth countries; third, they share a common ideology. These characteristics determine the basis for the realization of information interconnection among the five countries, and the basic criterion is to share intelligence and not monitor each other. In this huge intelligence information system, the national security agency and the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States are the core departments, which are called the primary departments. Other agencies also include the British government communications headquarters, Canada’s communications security agency, Australia’s defense communications administration and New Zealand’s Government Communications Security Agency. The history of the five eye alliance can be traced back to the Second World War. At the beginning of World War II, communication and intelligence cooperation hardly existed among allies. During the war, Britain and the United States realized that it was much more efficient to share intelligence against the Soviet Union than to conduct separate and decentralized intelligence surveillance. On March 5, 1946, the United States and Britain signed the “multilateral agreement on communication and intelligence cooperation”, namely the ukusa agreement, and the intelligence sharing alliance was officially established. According to the agreement, Britain and the United States agreed to exchange the following results: communication documents, cryptanalysis, traffic collection and other relevant decryption information. According to records, at that time, Britain and the United States held a communication and Intelligence Summit every year to discuss the way and content of information sharing. With the deepening of the cold war, Canada joined the agreement in 1948, Australia and New Zealand joined in 1956. So far, the “two eye alliance” has officially evolved into the “five eye alliance”. The five countries have different functions and tasks according to the geographical division: Britain is responsible for monitoring Europe, western Russia, Middle East and North Africa and Hong Kong, China; the United States is responsible for monitoring the Middle East, Eastern China, Russia, Africa and the Caribbean; Australia is responsible for South and East Asia; New Zealand is responsible for the South Pacific and Southeast Asia; Canada is responsible for monitoring The interior of Russia and China and parts of Latin America. This means that most of the earth is under the joint surveillance of these five countries. < / P > < p > as for why the alliance is named “five eyes alliance”? Each piece of original intelligence is not only marked with secret level, but also which country has the right to read. For example, an intelligence document that can only be read by Canada will be marked with a red stamp of “top secret – Canadian eyes only”; and an intelligence document that can be read by all five countries will be marked with the words “secret – Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Britain and the United States”. Over time, the intelligence personnel of the five countries use the concise title of “five eyes” to replace the long and obstinate “Australia Canada New Britain and America intelligence union”, and the title of “five eyes alliance” comes from this. After the end of the cold war, with the disintegration of the common threat to the Soviet Union, violent extremism and violent extremism have become new threats to these countries. The cooperation scope of the alliance of five has also been expanded, which is no longer limited to the initial communication and intelligence cooperation, but gradually expanded to the cooperation in the fields of artificial intelligence, secret operations, counterespionage, Geospatial Intelligence, finance and traffic security. The breadth and depth of its monitoring and surveillance is amazing. According to Snowden, each “five eyes” country has a project similar to the prism project, some of which are even deeper than the monitoring level of the United States. For example, the “era” monitoring program of the National Communications Administration of the United Kingdom is known as “the first comprehensive monitoring and monitoring plan to” store everything “in the history of intelligence in the world. It aims to collect all the data that can be collected, regardless of whether this practice violates the public’s right to privacy and the right to know. < / P > < p > in addition, the partners of the five eye alliance have gradually been infused with “fresh blood”. For example, the “five eyes” cooperated with Denmark, France, Norway and the Netherlands, which was called the “nine eyes alliance”. After that, together with Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain and Sweden, it was called the “Fourteen eyes alliance”. In addition to multilateral cooperation, the United States also conducts bilateral cooperation with its allies in the field of intelligence, and maintains intelligence sharing relations with allies such as France, Germany and Japan. In the Middle East, the United States maintains formal or informal intelligence sharing cooperation with Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Turkey to combat Islamic extremist organizations and organizations in the region. As one of the most valuable hotspots in global military, political and economic intelligence, China has always been an important target of monitoring and surveillance in western countries led by the United States. China, Russia, Iran, Pakistan and North Korea are listed as the top targets in the U.S. surveillance list exposed by Snowden. In recent years, with the rapid development of China’s rise, America’s doubts and anxieties continue to deepen. In addition to waging a “trade war” with China, openly selling arms to Taiwan, imposing sanctions on officials, and even starting to hype the so-called “China intervention” issue. On November 30, 2018, the Hoover Institute, a famous us think tank, published a research report entitled “China’s influence and American interests”, which combed China’s “intervention actions” against the United States from various fields, and the overall tone was negative. Under the promotion of the United States, the “five eyes alliance” has gradually evolved from an intelligence alliance that monitors and monitors the enemy to an “alliance” that confronts and counteracts China’s influence. Among them, Australia acted as the “vanguard”. In December 2017, out of concern about China’s influence, the Australian government introduced a series of new laws, tightening the provisions on foreign lobbying and political donations, and expanding the definition of acts of treason and espionage. In August 2018, the United States passed the modernization of foreign investment risk review act, which aims to prevent certain types of foreign investment. At the end of August, the five eye Alliance Member States issued a statement after a meeting in Australia, saying that they would use the “global partnership” to speed up the sharing of intelligence on “foreign interference activities”, so as to establish an “international front against China’s intervention”. It can be seen that the “five eye alliance” has become an important platform in the field of intelligence reconnaissance and surveillance, and it can also be said to be another pawn under the so-called “India Pacific strategy” of the United States. Its essence is to use the power of other countries to form a counterbalance force to counteract and offset the economic strength and influence growth of rivals. It can be predicted that with the continuous improvement of China’s comprehensive national strength, these forces will come to the front stage in various forms. For China, first, it is necessary to continue to maintain strategic confidence and strategic determination, continue to firmly follow the road of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and prevent being interfered and disordered by external forces; second, it is necessary to maintain strategic awareness, recognize the difficulties and obstacles in the road to China’s rise, and prevent strategic rash and impulse. The reason why Japan actively seeks to become the “sixth eye” of the “five eye alliance” is to enable Japan to obtain a lot of information through information exchange. Since the “five eyes alliance” has been established for nearly 70 years, it has accumulated a lot of intelligence databases and various intelligence channels and means, which can improve Japan’s intelligence collection ability. On the other hand, joining this organization can further deepen the relationship with the United States and its allies, and even lay the foundation for Japan to increase the number of allies. Japan has always hoped to form an alliance with Australia. In recent years, the political and military relations between the two countries have been sublimated.