On the 12th local time, the U.S. trade representative’s office announced that the United States has decided to maintain a 15% tariff on large civil aircraft of Airbus, the largest aircraft manufacturer in Europe. In addition, the United States will revise the EU product tax list with a total value of 7.5 billion US dollars to exclude some products from the UK and Greece and add the same amount of German and French products. More than 100 EU products other than large civil aircraft have been included in the list and will continue to bear 25% US tariff. < / P > < p > in July, the European Union asked the United States to immediately eliminate the tariff on Airbus. For the US decision to maintain the tariff, Airbus said “very sorry”, and French officials even said that they would take countermeasures. Since 2004, disputes between the United States and the European Union over subsidies to large airlines have been ongoing. At that time, the United States filed a lawsuit with the WTO, accusing the European Union of providing illegal subsidies to Airbus in various forms. The European Union also subsequently sued the United States government for providing illegal subsidies to Boeing company. The WTO has ruled that both the United States and the European Union have provided unreasonable subsidies to their respective airlines. According to one of the rulings, the U.S. government formally imposed retaliatory tariffs on US $7.5 billion EU exports in October last year. In February this year, the US government raised the tariff on EU large civil aircraft from 10% to 15%. It is reported that the WTO is still trying the EU’s charges against the United States. The EU is expected to get approval in the autumn to start imposing tariffs on US goods. < / P > < p > previously, the World Trade Organization allowed the United States to impose up to 100% punitive tariffs on US $7.5 billion worth of EU imports. According to the Boston Globe 13, the United States has decided to maintain the existing 25% tariff rate on EU products and has no threat to increase the tariff rate for the time being. A spokesman for the European Union said the European Commission had recognized the decision of the United States to suspend the imposition of tariffs. But the European Commission also pointed out: “it is time for both sides to settle the issues that cause trade disputes through negotiations.” In response to the European Commission on the 13th, British Trade Secretary Liz truss said she would strengthen negotiations with the United States and urge the US government to reduce tariffs as soon as possible. “These tariffs do harm to industries on both sides of the Atlantic and are not good for anyone,” she said French Foreign Trade Minister Franck Riester tweeted on the 13th: “unfortunately, despite our openness, the United States still decides to maintain commercial sanctions against Airbus, which is unreasonable. We ask the US side to withdraw this decision. Together with Phil Hogan, EU trade commissioner, and Bruno le Maire, French Minister of economy and finance, I will firmly defend the interests of the EU and France. ” On the same day, Bruno le Maire, French Minister of economy and finance, also said: “if the United States continues to impose sanctions and cannot reach an agreement with the EU, the EU should be ready to take countermeasures against products imported from the United States.” < p > < p > France 24 reported that in order to promote the US side to lift the tariff and make the US and Europe end the subsidy dispute as soon as possible, Airbus said in July that it would revise the controversial trade terms, including increasing the loan interest rates of French and Spanish governments that Airbus should pay. EU officials also called for the suspension of “unreasonable tariff” as soon as possible, but the US side still ignored it. “Airbus meets the requirements, but the United States still maintains tariffs on Airbus at a time when the aviation industry and other industries are in crisis,” Airbus spokesman clay McConnell said on the 12th. We deeply regret that. ” < / P > < p > French wine exports have been one of the industries most affected by tariffs, and the Federation of French wine and spirits exports (fevs) said the US decision was “continuing to impose penalties on French exporters”. The Scotch Whisky Association also said the tariffs were “causing great damage” and whisky exports had fallen 30% since the tariffs came into effect. In addition, many U.S. enterprises also protested against the tariff policy because the cost of the tariff was transferred to American enterprises and consumers. “Boston Globe” 13 Daily said that affected by the epidemic, the global economic downturn, many U.S. enterprises have also experienced nearly half a year of blockade and restriction measures, in order to maintain revenue, many U.S. retailers, importers and restaurants want to reduce tariffs. “There is evidence that the tariff policy has had a negative impact on the US alcoholic beverage industry, and the situation has become more complex due to the epidemic situation,” a US trade association wrote to us trade officials In the proposal, the trade association submitted nearly 24000 public comments.