[global network reporter Bao Yuyan, intern reporter Yang Tianzi] “in view of the general situation of the world and the current situation of the Empire, I would like to take extraordinary measures to clear up the current situation. I hereby tell my subjects: I have ordered the imperial government to inform the United States, Britain, China and the Soviet Union that they are willing to accept their joint announcement…” This is the beginning of the Japanese imperial edict on the end of the war. Years ago today, the voice of Emperor Hirohito of Japan spread to the streets and alleys of Japan along with the noise of radio waves, as well as to the main Eastern battlefield of the world anti fascist war. From the fall of Northeast China in the September 18th Incident, to the bloody battle of Lugouqiao in the July 7th incident, from Xiangxi battle to Hutou military fortress dug by Japan for itself, the Chinese people have defended national independence and territorial integrity in the struggle against Japanese fascist aggression. On August 14, 1945, the staff of the Japan Broadcasting Association were in a hurry. After investigation, they rushed to the imperial Affairs Office of the imperial residence with equipment and equipment, where they would complete the recording of the imperial edict of the end of war read by the emperor of Japan. As early as July 26, the United States, China and Britain jointly issued the Potsdam Proclamation, urging Japan to surrender unconditionally. On July 27, the Japanese cabinet held a meeting to discuss whether to accept the Potsdam Proclamation. The two factions, the main war faction and the main surrender faction, held their own views. The meeting was full of debates and no decision was made. The Japanese authorities did not comment on this. On August 6, the US Army dropped the first one over Hiroshima, Japan. On August 8, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan. On August 9, Prime Minister Guan taro Suzuki held a supreme war conference. In the middle of the meeting, news came that the US Army dropped the second one in Nagasaki, which was astonished by four. On the morning of August 14, the last imperial meeting was held in the air raid shelter of the imperial residence of Japan. Emperor Hirohito was well aware that Japan’s defeat had been decided. He decided to accept the Potsdam Proclamation unconditionally and asked the cabinet to draft the final war edict immediately. < / P > < p > several main battle fanatics even sat down on the ground and wailed, still unwilling to accept the fact of defeat, and frantically clamored to carry out local operations and fight with the allies. Just as Emperor Hirohito was preparing to record the final war edict, a rebellion aimed at preventing the “imperial edict” from broadcasting was secretly plotting. On the afternoon of August 14, an officer named Kenji Hata ran around the streets of Tokyo on his bicycle in an attempt to incite more soldiers to stop surrender. Finally, he rushed to the eastern army headquarters in sweat, trying to persuade the commander, Tian Zhongyi, to launch a military admonition. However, before he could say anything, he was severely refused. It is not the first time that Kenji Hata tried to persuade other officials to launch a military admonition. In the early morning of August 15, the representative of the rebel officer rushed to the office of Senju, head of the close guard division, and urged him to issue an order to launch a military admonition. The garrison division, which is equivalent to the “royal forest army”, is responsible for the security of the imperial residence. Rebel officers know that only with the support of the garrison division can they achieve the purpose of rebellion. Seeing that the persuasion is invalid, Hata Naka Kenji pulled out his pistol, pulled the trigger and shot mori. So they forged Mori’s orders and sent in the guards. < p > < p > the rebels broke into the palace. They searched around the labyrinth of the palace, frantically searching for the emperor’s recording disc, but the search failed until dawn. At this time, the commander of the eastern army, genichi Nakata, learned about the rebellion of the guard division and immediately mobilized his troops to fight against the rebellion. Soon, the rebels disarmed and the rebellion subsided. In order to prevent the broadcasting of the imperial edict of the end of the war, Kenji Hata led the army to the Japan Broadcasting Association. He held a gun against the announcer’s head and threatened the announcer to turn on the machine, trying to broadcast propaganda and continue to fight. During the standoff, the eastern headquarters of the rebel army has been called to ask Kenji Hata to listen. After answering the phone, Kenji Hata knew that the situation was over. He came to the square in front of the emperor’s residence and fired a shot at his forehead, ending his madness. Along with him, more than 600 soldiers committed suicide to escape punishment. < p > < p > at 12:00 on August 15, the imperial edict of armistice read by Emperor Hirohito was finally broadcast on time, and the emperor’s trembling “jade voice” spread all over Japan. On the same day, the land minister anangiji committed suicide by caesarean section in his official residence. Since then, lieutenant general Hiroshi nishita, the commander of the Japanese Navy’s military order department, former Japanese land Marshal Sugiyama, and army general Seiichi Tanaka committed suicide one after another. Hideki Tojo, the number one war criminal and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan, attempted suicide and was arrested by the Allied headquarters. After Japan surrendered, the Allies organized military courts to try Japanese war criminals. The total number of Japanese war criminals prosecuted by the Allies was 5423, including 4226 sentenced and 941 sentenced to death. Looking at Japan’s “surrender letter”, we can find that the imperial edict on the end of the war, which contains more than hundreds of words, can be described as carefully, and there are no words like “surrender” or “defeat” from the beginning to the end. Among them, “in the past years, the reason why the Empire declared war on the United States and the United Kingdom was to seek the stability of the Empire in East Asia. To exclude the sovereignty of other countries and infringe on the territory of other countries is not my original aspiration.” Such words beautify aggression and exonerate war crimes. In the final battle edict,
asked the subjects to endure “intolerable and intolerable” and to “defend the state” with all their strength. In the “future construction”, they must “carry forward the essence of the state”. In the post-war outlook part of more than 300 words, the word “national style” appeared twice and was emphasized to the greatest extent. The keynote is: the armistice was forced to accept because of helplessness, and the Potsdam Proclamation warned the subjects not to “lose their faith in the world”; as long as the “national system” is maintained, there is hope for the realization of rejuvenation. In the early post-war period, under the leadership of the United States and the operation of the occupation authorities, the Mikado system was retained and Hirohito’s responsibility for the war was not investigated. This is one of the important reasons why the Japanese right-wing has been making waves, creating wrong reasons and provoking conscience on the issue of historical understanding since the defeat of the war for more than 70 years. On August 15, 1945, the news of Japan’s surrender came. In Yan’an, Xu Jinshan, who was working at Xingzhi middle school in the suburb, recalled that at about 9:00 on the night of the 15th, the correspondent rang the bell, ran from Qiangou to Hougou, and informed the Japanese of the surrender one by one. The teachers and students who had fallen asleep immediately got up and wrapped their old clothes on the branches and lit torches. They rushed into Yan’an City excitedly. People rushed to tell each other, “Jiefang Daily” recorded the jubilation of Yan’an that night: “a peddler selling melons and fruits threw peaches and pears in the basket into the air one by one, shouting:” please eat the victory fruits without money! ” In Chongqing, the searchlights for air defense are on. Men, women, old and young rush to the streets to congratulate each other and shout victory slogans The war of resistance against Japan was the first complete victory of the Chinese people against imperialism in modern Chinese history. In 1894, Japan launched the Sino Japanese War of 1894. In 1895, under pressure, the Qing government signed the Treaty of Shimonoseki with Japan. In 1931, the “September 18th Incident” launched a long planned war of aggression against China, pushing the deep crisis of the Chinese nation to a climax. In this war of resisting foreign invasion, people from all walks of life in the whole country fought against the enemy and rushed to the battlefield of killing the enemy one after another. Revolutionary martyrs who shed blood in isolated camps, people with lofty ideals who destroy their families and rescue their families, and battlefield soldiers who take death as their return If one falls down, there will be another on top. There will always be 40000 Chinese fighting to the end. The war of resistance against Japan is “a spectacle in the history of war, a feat of the Chinese nation, and a great cause of earth shaking” in his book on protracted war. History will not forget the heroic children who fought for independence and freedom, let alone the hard won dawn of peace. < p > < p >  Haizhu. When the victory comes to the moment — Recalling the “August 15” Japanese surrender, Xinhua News Agency propaganda report before and after [J]. News operations, 1985 (08): 12-15.