With 2700 tons of ammonium nitrate, which has not been properly disposed of for six years, caused a violent explosion in Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, and caused serious casualties. People who have long been dissatisfied with the country’s corrupt political environment and deeper economic problems have taken to the streets to express their anger.
among them, CNN reported that the Ministry of foreign affairs, the Ministry of environment and the Ministry of economy of Lebanon have been “occupied” by angry protests in Lebanon, demanding that the “corrupt” ruling elite of Lebanon step down.
like many countries in the Middle East, Lebanon also has a very complex religious relationship, which once triggered a fierce civil war. After the end of the civil war in 1990, Lebanon began to pursue a “power sharing” system, in which Christian, Shiite and Sunni Muslims share the power of the government.
but this system, which has brought about apparent “peace” to Lebanon, has not solved the fundamental problem of the erosion of state management by sectarian politics, which has plagued many countries in the Middle East. A report in Foreign Policy magazine of the United States last year pointed out that under this “power sharing” system, various sects in Lebanon have “legally” divided the country’s national resources. The people who enter the government’s power departments do not look at their true talents, but on whether they belong to which sect and whether they meet the political needs of religious sects, which also leads to the following reasons The government of Lebanon is very bloated and inefficient, which has led to a serious economic crisis in recent years.
therefore, after the big explosion, which caused hundreds of deaths and thousands of injuries, the media revealed that the explosion was caused by the inaction of the government in Lebanon over the past six years, which made the people of Lebanon have accumulated a lot of serious dissatisfaction with the corruption of the ruling elites and the economic crisis, as well as various anxieties under the impact of the epidemic And burst out even more fiercely.
CNN reported that although there were large-scale protests against the government in Lebanon last October, they were not as violent as this one.
in addition to the aforementioned several government departments occupied by the protestors, according to CNN, the country’s banking association was also “occupied” and set on fire by the protestors. Because the protestors believe that the association is also responsible for the situation in Lebanon.
a large number of protestors also swarmed into Beirut’s “martyr’s Square”, calling on the public to “revenge” against the ruling elite, saying that the big explosion was a bombing launched by the ruling elite against Beirut and even Lebanon.
at the same time, a large number of Lebanon’s military and police also took to the streets and fired tear gas and rubber bullets at the protestors, but the protestors were not dispersed, and they fought back with stones and fireworks.
according to the information given by CNN, up to now, 200 people have been injured in the protest, 63 people have been sent to hospital, one member of the security forces in Lebanon has been killed, and several journalists have been injured.
interestingly, although the US embassy in Lebanon expressed support for the protests, it said they were only “peaceful marches” and called on all parties to “not use violence”.
Finally, according to the US national broadcasting network, the solution to the strong dissatisfaction of the public in Lebanon is “early election”. Earlier, French President Marcon, who was particularly concerned about the former French colony of Lebanon and visited the local area personally after the big bang, also asked the government of Lebanon to reform and eliminate corruption.
However, neither the early general election nor the proposal of the former colonial monarchy touched on the essence of the Lebanon issue, that is, the erosion of state management by sectarian politics with Middle East characteristics mentioned earlier.
this is also one of the fundamental reasons why many countries in the Middle East constantly change their governments, even launch “revolutions” to overthrow “dictators” like Libya and Tunisia, but “change the soup without changing the dressing”, and corruption and chaos are still continuing.
sadly, just as the Libyans at that time regarded the West as the “savior”, many local people who were completely disappointed with the current situation in Lebanon also naively believed that the pressure from western countries could bring better politics to Lebanon. However, a large number of cases in the Middle East have shown that these western countries are nothing more than fostering more suitable agents among these sects under the banner of “democracy”. How can they thoroughly reform the root cause of their manipulation of the Middle East?