The U.N. refugee agency has issued a statement strongly condemning the bomb attack by extremist groups on a refugee camp in extreme north Cameroon, which killed at least 18 people. The statement pointed out that serious violence in the Lake Chad Basin has resulted in 30000 deaths and more than 3 million forced to flee their homes. According to the analysis, religious differences, resource shortage, arms proliferation and other factors worsen the local security situation. The international community should give full support to regional economic and social development and eliminate the breeding ground for violence.
Lake Chad Basin is located in the border area of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria. Poverty and severe lack of basic social services provide soil for the growth and growth of extremist organizations. “Boko Holy Land”, “Islamic state West Africa province” and other extremist organizations continue to grow, posing an unprecedented threat to regional peace and stability. It has been reported that the “Islamic state of West Africa” has replaced the functions of local government by recruiting armed personnel, controlling trade, taxing taxes and even dividing pastures in the controlled areas.
the analysis shows that the increasingly fierce religious conflicts in recent years have further intensified the community relations. In addition, the deterioration of security situation in Lake Chad Basin is also related to global climate change. Over the past decades, the area of Lake Chad has been shrinking, from 25000 square kilometers in the 1960s to less than 2000 square kilometers now. Land desertification has intensified, and conflicts between local herdsmen and farmers over water, pasture and farmland have intensified. Due to the epidemic situation, herdsmen could not graze across the border. A large number of livestock died due to drought and food shortage. Local residents also faced the threat of starvation, and violent incidents occurred frequently.
in the face of rampant armed elements, on the one hand, the countries around Lake Chad have strengthened military strikes, on the other hand, deepened international cooperation, actively developed regional economy and improved people’s livelihood, trying to fundamentally reverse the regional security situation. Since April this year, a multinational joint task force composed of the armed forces of Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon has launched large-scale operations against “Boko Holy Land” and “Islamic state West Africa province”. The Nigerian military said in July that a large number of “Boko Haram” members had declared their surrender through air strikes and ground attacks on the gathering sites. The four countries all said that they welcome the armed men’s voluntary surrender and that the government will actively help them reintegrate into society.
Usman was forced to participate in extremist organizations five years ago. After surrendering to the Nigerian government army, he received social rehabilitation training in the camp, learned professional skills such as welding, carpentry, haircut and so on, and planned to become a barber when he returned home. Nigerian media reported that more than 2000 members of former extremist organizations have received the education and training program called “safe corridor operation” by the Nigerian government and have returned to society. The plan is supported by the United Nations, the European Union and the international organization for migration.
in May this year, the World Bank approved US $346 million provided by the International Development Association for the restoration and development of Lake Chad Basin. The fund will focus on strengthening regional cooperation among the four countries to support communities along the Lake Chad coast and improve the living conditions of residents.
the public opinion here holds that the security issue in the Lake Chad Basin is a long-standing issue with complicated background, and it is not a one-day effort to solve it. The effects of the relevant countries’ Countermeasures against extremists need to be further observed.