There is a plug board in the partition board of the TV cabinet. There is a red dot on it. Xiaonian reaches out half of it and finds that it is the display of the power switch. She breathes a sigh of relief. The companion was worried and pulled the board out completely. A small hole on the side appeared in front of them – a camera was installed inside, facing the bed. < / P > < p > on a number of e-commerce and short video platforms, reporters searched and found that a large number of devices that can be used for photographing, recording and positioning are on sale. Who has the confidence to ensure that privacy will not be infringed when the equipment such as secretly photographing and recording can be readily traded? < p > < p > on June 18, Zhejiang Ningbo Rail police reported that they had arrested a man who had secretly photographed women in the rail transit area and violated other people’s privacy. The man said the camera was purchased online. < p > < p > on July 18, a female tenant in Taiyuan, Shanxi reported that her roommate had found two cameras in her rented house, with more than 4000 videos in the memory card. On the 23rd, the police reported that the landlord had been detained for installing equipment to steal photos and was suspected of committing a crime. < / P > < p > hotels, B & B, rental rooms, fitting rooms, toilets In recent years, illegal shooting and sale of private videos have been exposed frequently. A black industry chain has been formed by installing cameras, secretly photographing and selling camera viewing accounts. < / P > < p > in 2019, a number of media reported that software accounts used with smart cameras were bought and sold. In Baidu Post Bar named “XX Tong”, “you XX” and “XX camera”, there are a large number of Posts and messages selling home smart camera cracking methods and life videos. < / P > < p > recently, a Baidu Post Bar named “yooxxx” was found by a reporter of people’s website recently, which contained a large number of Posts selling camera ID. < / P > < p > “the hotel near the university costs 300 yuan for three tables and 450 yuan for six tables.” The reporter added a wechat account in the post for consultation. The seller said that it could provide the camera account in the hotel near the University, which is valid within one month after purchase. When asked about the source of the camera, the seller explained that it was installed by a special person in the hotel. < / P > < p > according to the seller’s guidance, the reporter downloaded the “XXX smart camera” in the app store. After logging in the account provided by him, he saw a man in the hotel room lying in bed playing with his mobile phone. The real-time time time is displayed in the upper right corner. After the screen is enlarged, the face of the person can be seen clearly. The function also includes playback and recording. < / P > < p > after adding a seller’s QQ through the post bar, the reporter only needs 10 yuan to buy a camera ID. According to the tips, the reporter successfully added equipment, one of the monitoring images is the bedroom, a man in the corner of the room is standing beside the tea table, the picture is clear. < p > < p > the questions and answers related to privacy protection emerge in an endless stream, but at present, it is not sure which method can be perfect. At present, it is expected to strengthen supervision and protect personal privacy from sales and other links. Tiktok,
, in from July 17th to 24th, reporters found in Taobao, Jingdong, many spit, jitter, Kwai and other platforms, and found that the mini cameras that can be used for candid camera are sold in large quantities. Tiktok can be retrieved by
, and users can sell relevant products in the jitter. When Taobao, Jingdong, many Kwai and fast hands are shown, there are no relevant results, but after entering the camera, the platform can be sold for videotaping micro cameras. < / P > < p > “no network, no plug-in, no wiring, silent video, night vision, no light, super long standby…” Almost every propaganda point has a demand for the market to be photographed. In the product pictures and publicity copy, one of the prominent selling points of these cameras is “small”, and there are also hints that “confidential delivery”. < / P > < p > according to the differences in memory, picture quality and function, the price of micro cameras ranges from tens of yuan to 1000 yuan. Various kinds of cameras disguised in the form of murals, lighters, Zhaocai cats and light bulbs are also sold. < / P > < p > on the above platforms, there are several micro cameras with monthly sales of tens of thousands, and some products show that more than 100000 have been sold. In the question and answer area of a micro camera with a monthly sales of tens of thousands, a seller said, “you can shoot clearly within 15 meters.”.
added a friend to the QQ account on the seller’s voice, and the reporter received a tiktok link, which was disguised as a household appliance or personal belongings such as charger, pen, etc. < / P > < p > according to the reporter’s statistics, the seller provided a total of about 300 camouflage cameras, and the seller said that they were “in stock”. In addition, the merchandise list also has a detector to counter steal. < / P > < p > from July 17 to 24, the reporter searched “GPS” on the above-mentioned app, and found that a large number of businesses sold GPS with hidden appearance, which was called “grasping small three magic tools”. < / P > < p > the selling points of these products are concealment, and some are disguised as keychains and badges. There are product copywriting hints that can be used to track, and products that indicate “anti detection.”. According to the memory, standby time and so on, the price ranges from tens of yuan to several hundred yuan. < / P > < p > take Taobao GPS, whose monthly sales volume is more than 20000, as an example, its publicity can be continuously recorded, silent work, anti detection, confidential delivery Among the more than 30000 comments on the product, the reporter found that almost all of them were used for tracking and recording. Click “Duoduo” in the process of searching for “partner” in the process of searching for “partner”. < / P > < p > GPS, micro camera On a number of apps, these daily necessities claimed by businesses to be used to guard against theft and locate their “confidential delivery, concealment, and silent work” are publicity “highlights”, pointing to their function of stealing photos and recording. < / P > < p > on the app, secretly filming, tracking devices are sold in public What is the responsibility of selling and using micro cameras, GPS and other eavesdropping devices, as well as related platforms? Han Xiao, a lawyer from Beijing Kangda law firm, pointed out that using relevant equipment to detect other people’s whereabouts, steal photos and eavesdrop is an act of infringing on citizens’ personal information. If the circumstances are serious, it may constitute a crime of infringing citizens’ personal information. At the same time, it is also suspected of violating the relevant provisions of the public security management and punishment law, and may bear civil tort liability. < / P > < p > “in case of relevant criminal events, the seller and the platform can be regarded as providing assistance for criminal activities, constitute a joint crime with the criminal offender, and bear corresponding criminal responsibility according to law.” Han Xiao pointed out that according to the “e-commerce law”, the operators of e-commerce platforms should take necessary measures according to law and report to the competent authorities if they find that there are violations of laws and regulations in the platform’s goods or service information, otherwise they will be jointly and severally liable with the operators. < p > < p > provisions on the prohibition of illegal production, sale and use of special equipment for eavesdropping and photo stealing and “pseudo base station” equipment implemented in 2015 (hereinafter referred to as & lt; regulations & gt; ）It is clear that the micro voice signal pickup or recording equipment, micro cameras and cameras that cancel the normal viewfinder and playback display, etc. are special equipment for eavesdropping and photo stealing when they are used in camouflage or concealment and are identified by the public security organs through technical testing. < / P > < p > “if the equipment sold by the seller belongs to the special equipment specified in the & lt; regulations & gt;, it may constitute the crime of illegally producing and selling special spy equipment,” Han Xiao pointed out. According to the criminal law, the offence is punishable by up to three years’ imprisonment, detention or control. In addition, Whoever illegally uses special equipment for eavesdropping or stealing photos, causing serious consequences, shall be sentenced to fixed-term imprisonment of not more than two years, criminal detention or public surveillance. However, according to the relevant cases, the reporter found that most of the parties were subject to administrative penalties in accordance with the law on administrative penalties for public security. According to Article 42 of the law, those who engage in peeping, secretly photographing, eavesdropping, or spreading other people’s privacy, if the circumstances are serious, shall be detained for not less than five days but not more than ten days, and shall be fined not more than 500 yuan. For those who steal photos and record, they have higher profit and lower crime cost. Combined with the current situation of the market and the legislative situation, Han Xiao thinks that the relevant behaviors can be regulated from three aspects: production, sales and circulation, and preservation measures after infringement. < / P > < p > first of all, from the perspective of management of advanced production behavior, it is suggested to restrict the qualification of manufacturers of production equipment, and control the flow of products through market supervision and other measures. Secondly, in terms of sales and circulation, it is suggested to limit the sales qualification of merchants, and even restrict the sales behavior of micro cameras on e-commerce platforms. Finally, the preservation measures after the infringement of rights and interests can be realized from two aspects, which constitute the infringement of reputation right, privacy right and portrait right in civil law. If the equipment meets the corresponding standards after identification, it should be included in the criminal law. Wang Rusheng, a lawyer from Guangdong Guangqiang law firm, suggested that the relevant equipment should be classified and managed. As for the special equipment for eavesdropping and stealing photos, we should crack down on the illegal activities according to the relevant provisions; as for the equipment that can be used for eavesdropping and stealing photos, considering that it has a high frequency in reality, it is suggested that it should be regarded as special equipment, and its production, sales and use should be dynamically supervised by the market supervision and public security departments The purchase of equipment can be managed by real name registration. < / P > < p > in addition, if the relevant equipment has less cases of being used to eavesdrop and steal photos, such as smart phones, it will be regulated according to the existing regulations of ordinary electronic devices.