A military mutiny broke out in Mali on August 18 local time. President Ketta and Prime Minister Cisse were detained in military camps. Kata announced his resignation through Mali’s state television that night and dissolved the government led by the national assembly and Prime Minister Cisse. Some analysts believe that the political changes in Mali may lead to a temporary power vacuum, or provide opportunities for the further infiltration of extremist forces, and increase turbulence factors for the troubled country and even the whole Sahel region of Africa. An official of Mali’s Ministry of defense and Ministry of defense told Xinhua on the same day that officers in a military camp in Kati Town, kulikoro region, about 15 kilometers away from the capital Bamako, used morning exercises to encourage military mutiny. Some soldiers fired into the air and went to the ammunition depot. Prime Minister Cisse then issued a statement calling on the mutineers to lay down their weapons and engage in dialogue with the government. But soon after, the mutineers seized Ketta and Cisse and took them to the barracks in Katy town. He said he had been trying to revive Mali since he was elected in 2013. “I don’t want bloodshed because of staying in office. I’ve decided to resign.” After the incident, the United Nations, the African Union, the European Union and the economic community of West African States (SADC) condemned the incident and called for the restoration of Mali’s constitutional order as soon as possible. UN Secretary General Guterres called on Mali to “immediately restore constitutionalism and the rule of law”. The UN Security Council will hold an emergency meeting on the 19th to discuss the situation in Mali. < / P > < p > this mutiny is like a replay of Mali’s 2012 coup. In March 2012, it was the military mutiny in the barracks in Kati town that turned into a coup, which led to the resignation of then president dur before the end of his term of office. The coup also led to the deterioration of the security situation in northern Mali. Extremist organizations such as Isis and Al Qaeda took the opportunity to infiltrate and control several towns. France led the troops to clear up the situation. Subsequently, keta, who won the support of France and other western countries and high-level Malian army, was elected president in 2013 and won re-election in 2018. However, there are differences between the high-level and middle-level soldiers of the Malian military, which has become one of the factors of instability. In addition, during Kata’s reign, extremist organizations gathered again and took the opportunity to expand and infiltrate into the central region of the country, which was also criticized by the opposition parties. As a land locked country, Mali relies heavily on the import of fuel and daily necessities from neighboring countries. In 2012, it was after severe sanctions imposed by the western community that the mutinous soldiers finally made concessions and agreed to return to the constitutional order. The Sahel region, where Mali is located, is located between the Sahara desert and the grasslands of central Sudan. It is plagued by poverty, armed conflict and natural disasters. It is the most active region in Africa at this stage, and has become a new “terrorist zone” in Africa. If Mali’s political situation continues to be unstable, it may provide an opportunity for further infiltration and expansion of terrorist forces, leading to more turbulence in the domestic and even regional situation. The unconstitutional actions of Malian soldiers have been widely condemned by the international community. It is hoped that the active efforts of the international community can promote the early restoration of the rule of law and order in Mali, which is in line with the interests of the people of Mali and the Sahel region. Wang Zhan, a professor at the center for African Studies at Wuhan University, believes that if the new government can be quickly established and actively participate in and cooperate with the anti-terrorism operations in the Sahel region, the mutiny will have less impact on the anti-terrorism in northern Mali and the Sahel region, and the regional security situation will not deteriorate significantly. The parliamentary elections held in Mali from the end of March to the beginning of April this year triggered the differences between the ruling party and the opposition party, which quickly led to a serious political crisis. The ruling of the Constitutional Court on the parliamentary election and the final result aroused strong opposition dissatisfaction. In June, several rounds of demonstrations were organized, and in July, President Keita was asked to resign.