Germany’s novel coronavirus pneumonia (Ifo) Institute of economic research shows that during the new crown pneumonia outbreak, German enterprises did not stop hiring, but the construction, handicraft, medical and nursing industries lacked professional labor force. However, in the first half of this year, the entry into force of the new version of the law for foreign workers to work in Germany has been greatly reduced by 50% in the first half of this year. This undoubtedly cast a shadow over the recovering German economy. Daniel terzenbach, a member of the board of directors of the German Federal Employment Agency (BA), said the epidemic would not change the current situation of aging population in Germany and the fact that there was a shortage of nursing and IT professionals. German media expect that with the lifting of travel restrictions, talents from countries with high unemployment rate in Europe may flow to Germany. For many years, Germany has been one of the most aging countries in the world. According to statistics, the average age of people living in Germany in 2019 is 44.5 years old, and the average age of people with German nationality is 45.6 years old. < p > < p > without considering the net growth of immigrants, the German population has been growing negatively in recent years. Take 2018 as an example. According to the Statistics Bureau of Germany, the number of newborn babies minus the number of deaths in that year was – 167000, and the situation in 2019 was similar. According to a previous report released by the Bertelsmann foundation, Germany’s labor market will need at least 260000 immigrants a year in the next 40 years due to the shrinking and aging population, of which 146000 are non EU immigrants, so as to ensure that the decline of German labor force population is controlled at an “economically acceptable level”. < / P > < p > according to the German employment Institute (IAB), nearly 30% of the employment growth in Germany since 2009 has been attributed to the labor force from other EU countries. As of December 2019, there are about 2.4 million citizens of other EU countries working in Germany, an increase of nearly 90000 over the previous year. According to the statistics of BAMF, the foreign labor force applying for German work visa in 2019 mainly comes from India, Eastern European countries, China, Turkey and Russia. In 2019, Germany issued 31200 “EU blue card” visa for high-end talents, an increase of nearly 15% year-on-year, and a rise of nearly 200% compared with the first launch in 2013. A quarter of the blue card winners came from India, followed by China, followed by Turkey and Russia.
but novel coronavirus pneumonia outbreak has brought resistance to foreign talent to Germany, and also has hidden worries for the German economy. According to BAMF data, in the first half of this year, Germany issued only 301.17 million work visas to non EU countries, a new low since 2015, with a decrease of nearly 50% compared with the same period last year. The reduction of international flights, the increase of travel restrictions and the suspension of visa centers caused by the epidemic are the direct reasons. Holger schwannecke, Secretary General of ZDH, said the epidemic hindered the entry of foreign workers, which led to a further increase in the demand for skilled workers in the German handicraft industry, which currently has about a quarter of the jobs filled. According to the latest survey of 9000 German enterprises conducted by IFO, the employment barometer rose 0.9 points to 93.2 points in July. In August, a number of German economic confidence indexes were better than market expectations, which released positive signals, making people from all walks of life to be cautious and optimistic about the recovery of German economy. < / P > < p > most analysts expect a rebound in the second half of the year as economic prospects improve and immigration restrictions are gradually lifted. According to Clemens Fuest, who is in charge of IFO, the epidemic has only temporarily slowed down Germany’s access to foreign skilled workers, which will not continue. German media said that historically, during the European debt crisis, unemployment rates in Spain and Greece soared, and eventually a large number of young local labor force flowed into Germany, which has a good employment situation. This epidemic may lead to a similar situation. According to the OECD report released in August, Greece’s unemployment rate is expected to jump nearly 20% year-on-year in 2020. Spain’s current unemployment rate is 15.3%, with more than 1 million new unemployed people in the second quarter. In addition, < / P > in addition, it is more and more likely that the trained doctors in Germany and other places will become more and more attractive to those who want to emigrate from Europe. According to the Statistics Bureau of Germany, most of the immigrants in Germany come from other European countries (65%), and the immigrants from Asia and their descendants account for about 22%, while those with immigration background are mainly engaged in catering industry (28%) and health care industry (21%).