On August 11 local time, India’s defense procurement commission approved the purchase of 106 htt-40 junior trainers from Hindustan airlines to meet the basic training requirements of the Indian air force. Its domestic aircraft, singh-40, is headed by Indian Defense Minister Singh ranath. This shows that the Indian air force is increasing the procurement of Indian domestic trainer aircraft. < p > < p > just a few days before this purchase, rajenat Singh announced on the 9th a ban on the import of 101 items of military equipment, covering towed artillery, short-range surface to air missiles, long-range cruise missiles and light rocket launchers. The ban will take effect in batches from 2020 to 2024. Singh also announced that he would allocate 520 billion Indian rupees (about RMB 48.2 billion) to purchase domestic armaments this year. This measure is aimed at promoting the localization of India’s defense arms production, and also responds to Prime Minister modi’s call for “made in India” and “atmanirbhar Bharat”. The Indian Air Force took the lead in responding to the defense ministry’s goal of arms autonomy with the order of htt-40 junior trainer. According to India today, India’s defense procurement commission considered an order for the Indian army to order six domestic radars on November 11, which was regarded as another achievement of “made in India” in the field of national defense. < p > the announcement of a ban on armaments in India was widely welcomed. India has traditionally relied on Russia to provide weapons. In recent years, India has promoted diversification and expanded the sources of weapons to the United States, Israel, South Korea and other countries. India has spent more on arms imports than any other country outside Saudi Arabia since 2015, according to the times of India. However, according to Singapore’s “Straits Times” reported on the 11th, military experts pointed out that the localization of India’s defense arms production is still risky in the short and medium term, and may hinder the military construction plan. According to Forbes magazine, 101 import bans cover aircraft, armored vehicles, artillery, air defense, sensors, electronic warfare, navy and other aspects. < p > < p > < p > Forbes points out that the items covered by the ban are actually provided by local Indian manufacturers, such as tejas jet fighters and Astra missiles manufactured only in India. This may be to ensure that such armaments continue to purchase components locally. Other prohibitions are very specific, such as restrictions on the import of 155mm howitzers with specific barrel lengths, which allow India to import different sizes of weapons of the same class. < / P > < p > take aviation weapons as an example. The ban on aviation weapons requires India to stop importing conventional bombs, fixed wing micro UAVs, light combat helicopters, light transport aircraft, gsat-6 (International) satellite terminals, systems of brilliant light fighters, and short-range maritime reconnaissance aircraft after December 2020. < / P > < p > but the ban on aviation weapons does not cover jet fighters, large unmanned operating systems and other high-end military aircraft. Russia, France and the United States are still the main suppliers of the above-mentioned flight weapons for India. Britain and Sweden are also participating in the competition for orders of jet fighters to India. < / P > < p > although the brilliance fighter produced by Indian firm Hindustan Aviation Limited (HAL) has come out, India still relies on overseas manufacturers to provide more advanced jet fighters, as well as heavy transport and attack helicopters, large patrol and cargo aircraft, etc. In this way, 101 import bans are like some kind of “political stunt”, which does not conflict with India’s domestic arms procurement plan. However, there are still a few bans that keep foreign competitors out of the door. Singh also said the ban on some projects has not yet been promulgated, which may also affect some domestic projects that have not yet been developed. < / P > < p > surging news () reported earlier that since modi proposed the “made in India” initiative in 2014, India’s automobile, chemical, aviation, defense and military industries have set off a boom to promote growth and innovation, with the aim of building India into a global manufacturing center. The implementation of “made in India” is the core content of modi’s “strong military dream”. Nevertheless, the projects of brilliant fighters, Arjun tanks and Calcutta class air defense destroyers produced by India have become “gold Gobblers”. India’s defense industry has been criticized for its high input and low output and low performance and quality of self-developed weapons. After modi took office, this situation has not been significantly improved. < / P > < p > this results in India spending a lot of money on importing arms every year. According to the Hindustan Times on the 10th, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said in a report released in April that India is the third largest military spending country in the world. India’s military spending in 2019 increased by 6.8% over the previous year, reaching US $71.1 billion, more than half of which was spent on imports. India’s defense budget this year is 66.9 billion US dollars. All previous Indian governments have been promoting the localization of arms production. According to the Straits Times, the Indian government’s recent efforts have focused on attracting foreign companies to set up production lines in India. For example, Russia is co producing ak-203 assault rifles with India. According to Forbes, after the “made in India” policy was launched in 2014, India’s defense research and Development Organization (DRDO) has obtained help from Israel, Russia, the United States and other countries through technology transfer, making significant progress in radar, jet aircraft and rocket technology. < p > < p > < p > < p > Forbes pointed out that the recent 101 prohibitions can make India’s defense procurement objectives clearer and speed up the process. This helps to signal to the arms production industry where efforts need to be focused. Ajey Lele, a senior researcher at the Manohar palikal Institute of defense research and analysis, a major think-tank in India, said 101 bans are necessary measures to develop India’s own defense industry and reduce its high dependence on imports, and it can also allow the Indian military to make more specific plans. He believes that in the long run, it is a cost-effective option to shift arms production domestically. < / P > < p > in order to localize the production of national defense armaments, the participants are no longer only Indian state-owned arms factories and companies. It was not until 2001 that India’s defense industry was opened to the private sector, but there were still many restrictions. In 2018, India continued to expand private sector participation in the defense industry, but the effect was still not obvious. < p > < p > retired Indian Army Lieutenant H. S。 Panag said the Indian government needs to introduce further incentives to ensure that manufacturers can effectively promote the R & D and production of armaments. He stressed that enterprises and departments must obtain special loans and other incentives for national defense production. If the loan is not limited to the defense function, the enterprise will not have the power to tilt the production line to the national defense industry. < / P > < p > not everyone is optimistic about the effect of 101 bans. After citing India’s achievements in defense industry in military, strategic and space fields, the wire quoted Amit cowshish, a former procurement financial adviser to India’s Ministry of defense, as saying that these achievements seem to be abundant, but in fact they are too scattered. “All of these disorganized achievements are scattered across different aspects of the entire technology field and appear weak,” kossch said. There is no coordination that can ensure success in key areas of promotion, especially in enhancing the overall military capabilities of the country. ” He laments that these achievements are unfortunately isolated from each other, adding that India also has another global Honor: being the world’s second largest importer of weapons between 2014 and 2019. < / P > < p > according to the wire, the defense research and development organization of India (DRDO) consists of 52 advanced and technologically recognized laboratories with 5000 military scientists and engineers and 25000 staff. Despite the efforts made by the Indian government in 2007 and 2008 to restructure this large and inefficient organization, such as strengthening accountability, increasing private sector participation and expanding overseas cooperation in weapons research and development, little has been achieved. The board of directors of the state-owned ordnance factory, another huge military industry entity, has also been criticized. This is a large entity with 41 constituent units and more than 100000 employees. Many defense officials believe that although the ordnance plant board is promoting corporate reform, its reform measures are not only time-consuming, but also have little effect on increasing its efficiency. < p > < p > Pushan DAS is a member of the observer research foundation, a Delhi based think tank. According to the Straits Times, he commented on the list of 101 prohibitions: “this list may inadvertently hinder military planning in the short or medium term. It does not seem to take into account barriers to entry in terms of knowledge, skills and production capacity required by major defense systems. ” In economics, “barriers to entry” refers to the difficulties that potential new players must overcome before entering the market. According to Forbes, if the development of domestic arms production falls behind the planned schedule, the Indian government may find itself unable to master the key technologies of arms production. This is the potential disadvantage of 101 prohibitions.