There are three popular candidates: former Prime Minister Hariri, who resigned in protest last year; Salam, Lebanon’s close U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations; and Mohammad baasiri, a former deputy governor of the Central Bank of Lebanon, who is also regarded as an ally of the United States. According to Lebanon’s 1989 Taif agreement, the parliament has 128 members, half of which are Christians and Muslims. In the two major sects, the proportion of members from different sects, such as Shia, Sunni and Maronite, is also clearly stipulated. It is expected that the new government will take three months to a maximum of one year. In order to reshuffle the political arena in Lebanon, some politicians also called on members to resign to hold parliamentary elections ahead of schedule. To trigger parliamentary elections, at least 43 members need to resign. At present, only six members have announced their resignation. However, it is difficult to change Lebanon’s highly fragmented sectarian political pattern and the resulting corruption problem, whether it is re elected as prime minister or reshuffle of Parliament. < p > < p > since the beginning of the civil war in Lebanon, sectarian asylum networks have become an important part of society. After the war, the religious organizations and warlords that became bigger in the war quickly made up for the government’s lack of basic services and established a huge network of forces. The patrons provide jobs, large-scale project contracts and other benefits for the asylum recipients of various sects through government power, so as to obtain political support. < / P > < p > in the civil society, middlemen who have connections with asylum seekers can help ordinary people “calm down” and canvass for candidates supported by asylum seekers during elections. In 1943, Lebanon, which got rid of the French mandate and was officially independent, launched the National Convention. This convention opened the prelude to the sharing of religious power. According to the Convention, the president of Lebanon must be a Maronite Christian, the prime minister must be a Sunni Muslim, and the speaker of the parliament must be a Shia Muslim. The president has more power than the prime minister. According to the population ratio at that time, the ratio of Christian and Muslim members in Parliament was 6:5. This kind of sectarian power sharing system seems fair, but in fact, it strengthens the differences between sects and blocks the possibility of secular sects participating in politics. Once some sects are marginalized, conflicts are inevitable. After the independence of Lebanon, the population structure of Lebanon began to change, and the population of Muslims, especially Shiite Muslims, rose sharply. The increase of Muslim population and the movement of Palestinian armed forces to Lebanon during the Palestinian Israeli conflict eventually led to the civil war in Lebanon in 1975. < / P > < p > the agreement adjusted the previous sectarian power sharing system by adjusting the proportion of Christian and Muslim members in parliament to 5:5. In terms of power, the executive power of the president is transferred to the prime minister, and the president mainly plays a symbolic role. In terms of the composition of Parliament, there are specific provisions on the proportion of seats held by Sunnis, Shiites, Maronites, orthodox sects, Druze sects and alawites. There are 18 sects in Lebanon. In addition to readjusting the seats in parliament, the Taif agreement also set “eliminating political sectarianism” as a “basic national goal”. However, this goal has not yet been achieved. Political sectarianism is becoming more and more serious as various sects are busy consolidating their power. The most typical one happened in the presidential election. From 2014 to 2016, the parliament of Lebanon had a lot of disputes about the choice of president. It was not until October 2016 that ORN was elected president, ending the deadlock of no president for nearly three years. Taking Shia Lebanon as an example, it emerged in the civil war and the second Lebanon Israel war and became a stronger armed force than the government forces. The book corruption and informal operations in the Middle East and North Africa points out that after the civil war, due to the serious damage to infrastructure and the government’s focus on reconstruction of the capital Beirut, schools and agricultural centers in the South and Shiite areas began to be rebuilt. From 1996 to 2001, nearly 14 million US dollars were invested in financial aid and scholarships for Shiite students, higher than the government’s investment in education support. Students who can’t afford tuition can apply for scholarships. < / P > < p > at the same time, it has established its own health department, which is specifically responsible for the construction of affordable clinics in Shia settlements. During the war with Israel in 2006, the clinics provided medicine and medical services free of charge. < p > < p > after the 2006 war, it provided compensation for Shiite people who lost their homes in the war, and invested $400 million in infrastructure reconstruction with Iranian funding. < / P > < p > this series of operations weakened the role of state institutions and made them become important patrons of religious sects in Lebanon, which had a significant influence on the political arena of Lebanon. In the parliamentary election in the line year, the political alliance led by the organization won 71 seats, accounting for the majority of seats. Diab was assassinated as Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and his family. He was an important patron of Sunnis and had close ties with Saudi Arabia and Western countries. The influence of the Hariri family’s shelter network is mainly in northern Lebanon. < / P > < p > in 2015, Beirut, the capital, broke out a garbage crisis, and the garbage in the city center was not treated for months. This situation is caused by the fact that politicians and religious leaders want to hand over the garbage collection contract to their closely related companies, and each faction struggles with each other and cannot reach an agreement. In the global corruption index of Transparency International in 2019, Lebanon ranks 137 out of 180 countries. The world bank points out that Lebanon’s sectarian asylum system causes 9% of the country’s GDP every year. In the book Salafism in Lebanon, it is pointed out that among the people, asylum seekers can influence ordinary people through intermediaries. At the time of the parliamentary election, the patrons provide financial support to the middleman, who mobilizes the people to vote. The book takes a middle-income family in northern Lebanon as an example to illustrate the role of intermediaries. The family added a floor to their home without government permission, and the government later issued a $50000 fine. < / P > < p > to solve the problem of fines, the family found a Salafi middleman who had contacts with large patrons in northern Tripoli, including then Prime Minister Mikati. After Mikati’s assistant intervened, the problem of fine was solved quickly, and the family involved did not need to pay the fine. Nadim Houry, executive chairman of the Arab Reform Initiative group, a think-tank, said in an interview with NPR that corruption has become part of the DNA of Lebanon’s political system because of the asylum network and sectarian power sharing system. There is no official in Lebanon who is not affected by sectarian asylum networks, hori said. And these sheltered networks are ultimately serving the oligarchs, who pretend to represent the interests of religious sects and actually seek profits for themselves. In his view, if Lebanon really wants to see changes, it should amend its electoral law to allow more non sectarian political groups, such as secularists and independents, to participate in the election.