Harry Potter’s dress, the three finger gesture from Hollywood’s big name “hunger game”, the cute hamster image in Japanese animation “hamtaro”….. These popular cultural symbols from overseas have transformed into props for young protestors to express their demands for political reform in the streets. Since mid July, thousands of Thai protestors have gathered on the streets of Bangkok and other cities to express their dissatisfaction with the government, demanding that the government dissolve parliament, stop threatening the people by invoking the crime of bullying the monarch, and redraft the current constitution led by the military. According to the Nikkei Asia review on August 16, protests of varying sizes have occurred in 45 of Thailand’s 76 governments. The series of demonstrations in the past month is also the first large-scale political rally in Thailand since the 2014 military coup. < / P > < p > the demonstrations ignored the state of emergency order issued by the Thai government to curb the spread of the epidemic, and more and more reckless about the prohibition of discussing the king and monarchy in the crime of bullying the monarchy. The monarchy has long been regarded as an untouchable “forbidden zone” in Thailand, the Sydney Morning Herald reported on the 18th. However, since August, the demonstrations have intensified, and criticism of the monarchy and its influence on politics has become more and more loud. Some people even directly point the spearhead at the current king Lama x (wajilalonggong), whose lifestyle is more extravagant. < p > < p > in Thailand, the royal family is rich in wealth and powerful in power, above legal review and politics. However, netiwit, President of the student union of the Department of political science at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand Chotiphatphaisal and other two student activists wrote in the “Nikkei Asia review” on the 18th that even if the demonstration students put forward 10 proposals to reform the monarchy, which may put tens of people in danger of being arrested, they should break the taboo, openly discuss the role of monarchy in politics, and call on the monarchy to be censored by the public. If the protestors do not return to the streets for many times, their demands will not be met. Thai Prime Minister bayou repeatedly called on the protestors to remain calm and warned that some students had “gone too far”. According to Thailand’s “Bangkok Post” reported on the 20th, Bayu seems to be preparing for a showdown. On the 19th, bayou instructed military and security agencies to prepare for a possible escalation of student demonstrations. Street movements and military coups are common in Thailand’s history, and political turmoil has a long history in Thailand. However, in the past Street movements, the main participants were the “red shirts” and “yellow shirts” who supported and opposed the former Prime Minister Thaksin respectively. According to the BBC, the “red shirts” are mostly from Thaksin’s rural supporters, while the anti Thaksin “yellow shirts” are more from the city and the middle class. The dispute between the two parties eventually led to Bayu’s military coup in 2014 to rebuild order. < p > < p > the BBC quoted punchada sirivunnabood, a political science professor at Mahidol University in Thailand, as saying that, unlike the bipolar politics of the “red and yellow debate” in the past, the recent protests are more intergenerational conflicts. “Most of the older generation supported the government, but the young people thought the opposite,” panchada said Netiwit, President of the student union of the Department of political science at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, and another student activist, suphanut aneknumwong, wrote in the Nikkei Asia review that the leaders of a series of protests were mostly young people, and their comments were full of cyber language in the subculture circle. Many of the songs of the protester have been adapted to express the theme of Japanese anime, such as the lyrics of young anime. The protestors also put up a “three finger ceremony”, which was taken from the film “game of hunger” and was seen as a symbol of anti authoritarianism. Aim sinpeng, PhD, University of Sydney, told the BBC that Thailand’s younger generation is used to expressing dissatisfaction in the form of subverting popular culture. “It’s because they’ve been living in repressive environments for many years, which are not always allowed,” she said. They have to find creative ways to bypass censorship. ” Young Thai artist Xiao Su (pseudonym), who has been interviewed by surging news (), also said that people will express their views by means of word games, such as using “Koi” to refer to shinina, the Royal concubine who was deprived of her title last year, in order to avoid the taboo of forbidding discussion of Royal Palace on social media. < p > < p > netiwit and suphanut believe that young Thai people used to be labeled as docile, skeptical and apathetic. In their view, young people in Thailand changed their attitudes and participated in politics because they were “fed up”. Bayou has been in charge of the government for six years. In February this year, Thai courts also ordered the dissolution of the new future party, the third largest party in the former house of Representatives, which is supported by young people. This led netiwitt and suphanut to believe that Thailand was in a “dead end” and that people could only express their dissatisfaction by taking to the streets. < p > < p > netiwit and suphanut criticized the government’s severe blockade measures, which only showed the “incompetence” of the elite and severely punished the poor. The economic situation of 4 million unemployed people makes students fall into employment crisis after graduation. The blockade measures to deal with the epidemic situation allow students to have time to talk with their parents who are also suffering from financial difficulties and listen to their experiences. According to the Nikkei Asia review, some supporters of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, the “red shirt army”, also joined the protest. Nevertheless, it remains to be seen whether the student led protest can break through the “stratosphere”. Aime Simpson believes that the scale of the protest is still not large and has not had a great impact on the government. Protestors demanding democratic reform are winning the support of more and more scholars, celebrities and the public, the Nikkei Asia review reported on the 16th. According to the surging news report earlier. On July 18, thousands of protestors, dissatisfied with the sharp economic downturn during the outbreak, took to the streets of the capital, Bangkok, in defiance of the assembly ban. At that time, it was considered to be the largest demonstration since the 2014 military coup in Thailand. On August 16, a record number of demonstrations broke out in Bangkok. According to the Nikkei Asia review, the number of participants recorded by the Bangkok police station was about 12000. A local police officer told the Nikkei Asia review that there were about 20000 participants. In any case, it was the largest political rally since the military coup in 2014. < p > < p > < p > demands that Prime Minister bayou step down, dissolve parliament, re-election and even amend the constitution have been the demands of a series of demonstrations since July, but the protests did not target the monarchy and the royal family at the beginning. On July 18th, a protest organized by free youth, a student group, changed things. During the event, the recently arrested lawyer Arnon broke the taboo and called for open discussion on the role of the monarchy. After that, discussions about the monarchy became active in the demonstrations. On August 10, panusaya sithijira wattanaku, spokesman of the Thai student union, read out ten “reform manifestos” about the monarchy, which further broke the taboo. In fact, Thailand’s anti epidemic performance is not poor. Novel coronavirus pneumonia in Thailand has been diagnosed in 3389 cases and 58 cases as of August 20th, according to data from Johns Hopkins University. Thailand’s public health system is among the best in the world, and the government has made obvious mistakes in response to the epidemic. However, as a pillar of Thailand’s economy, tourism has been seriously damaged. At the end of June, the Bank of Thailand predicted that Thailand’s economy would shrink by 8.1% in 2020. < / P > < p > the economic crisis has given the protestors an excuse to criticize the government. But according to the Sydney Morning Herald, the protestors’ demands are not only about the economy, but also about constitutional reform, student issues and sexual minority rights. In June this year, wanchaleem satsaksit, Thailand, was kidnapped on the streets of Cambodia and has been missing. Some voices speculated that the government was behind the incident, causing public anger. Vanchal’s image was also widely seen at the scene of the protests.
the radical organization “Free People” evolved from “free youth” was the main organizer of the mass rally around the Democratic monument in Bangkok on May 16. The government no longer harasses people to exercise their rights, redraft controversial parts of the military led constitution, and dissolve parliament are the three main appeals of the “free people” established on August 7. < / P > < p > the main factor that links the appeal of criticizing the monarchy is the military background of the current Thai government. The army commander-in-chief bayou came to power in 2014 through a military coup. In 2017, the military government led the formulation of a new constitution and held a general election in May last year. Under the political framework of Parliament, bayou formed a new coalition government and became prime minister again. Nevertheless, Bayu’s civilian government is still seen as having a strong military background. According to the Nikkei Asia review, the 2017 constitution is the 20th constitution of Thailand since the establishment of a constitutional monarchy in 1932. The Constitution gives the military 250 appointed Senate seats. This gives the military a huge say in the selection of the prime minister and effectively blocks the channels for constitutional amendment. The associated press pointed out that the military enjoys a privileged position in Thai politics because of its ability and ability to launch coups many times. The current government has a deep military background, and the military claims to be the protector of Thailand’s constitutional monarchy in order to establish its legitimacy. The Sydney Morning Herald pointed out that compared with the current King Rama x, his father Rama IX (Bhumibol) held the throne for a long time and won the support of the Thai people with a series of national development projects. Duan Ying, an expert in Southeast Asia Studies and associate professor of anthropology at the school of sociology and anthropology, Sun Yat sen University, said in an interview with the surging news that Lama IX, the father of the king of Thailand, has played an extremely important and even irreplaceable role in the construction of Thailand’s national identity and national identity. Rama IX has a high status in the hearts of Thai people, which leaves problems for his successor: the important role of the king of Thailand in Thailand’s national construction has been strengthened, so it needs to spend more energy and ability to maintain. However, Lama x, king of Thailand, who was far less popular than his father during the outbreak, did not stay at home, instead, he took his queen and his concubines to Germany for a holiday. Last year’s ousting of the Royal concubine and other events also caused controversy over Rama X’s life style. In view of this political situation, the “free people” organization calls for the end of the military coup mode and the dissolution of the so-called national unity government, and calls for the realization of a “democratically elected government under the constitutional monarchy”. On August 12, Rama x made a public appearance when he took the oath of the new cabinet. In his speech, he did not directly respond to the demands for monarchy reform put forward in the protest march, but only called on all parties to maintain order and peace. < p > < p > the political situation in Thailand has been in a dilemma: either ask students to “shut up” and tough measures may cause further rebound; or allow criticism of the monarchy, which in turn will affect the stability of Thailand’s political system. Pavin chachachavalpongpun, a scholar who has taken refuge in Japan for bullying the monarch, told the Sydney Morning Herald