“I announce the resignation of this government today.” On August 10, Hassan diab, the Prime Minister of Lebanon, solemnly announced the cabinet’s collective resignation six days after the big bombing in Beirut. As he spoke, the protestors had demonstrated in the streets near the parliament for the third day in a row. When she heard that the prime minister was going to make a speech, Jenna, a year old, was already sitting in front of the TV to witness the moment. “This moment is very important, but it’s just the beginning, and the road to” new Lebanon “is still a long way off,” the female college student, who has been participating in public protests since October last year, told surging news However, the Beirut explosion, which shocked the world last week, became the last straw to crush the government of diab. The disaster, which caused more than 100 deaths and hundreds of thousands of people’s displacement, further exacerbated the public’s accusations of corruption, incompetence and negligence. The preliminary investigation into the cause of the explosion pointed to the government’s dereliction of Duty: more than 2000 tons of explosives were detained in the port for seven years, and the Customs said it had written to the court several times to request the port to dispose of the explosives. The president said that he had only received the Notice of dangerous goods in the port three weeks ago, but he shifted the responsibility to the previous government. According to the associated press, the day after the explosion, about 20 Lebanon officials were arrested, including the current and former heads of the Customs Department and the head of the port department. In addition, dozens of higher-level officials, including two former cabinet ministers, have been questioned. < p > < p > < p > but the public is not buying into the rapid implementation of accountability. On the third day after the explosion, thousands of protestors took to Capitol Square and martyrs square, not far from the explosion site, to protest. What made Jenna and other protestors even more angry was that the government “arranged for the police, who should have been involved in the rescue and reconstruction, to confront their own people.” Before diab announced his cabinet’s collective resignation, four of his 20 cabinet ministers had resigned. But diab did not want to resign just after the explosion, but hoped to extend his resignation period by two months. However, diab failed to stop the people’s voice. In his resignation speech on the 10th, he finally put himself in the position of the people and pointed out that the problem in Lebanon lies in long-term corruption. < / P > < p > “I found that the corruption system is greater than the national system, and the state is bound by this system and cannot get rid of it.” Diab said he and his cabinet members found their efforts blocked by some powerful political “agents.”. < / P > < p > “this is the tragedy of Lebanon We will step back, stand with the people and fight for change with them. ” Diab said in his speech. Diab, a professor of engineering, was a former Minister of education in Lebanon and a rare technocrat in Lebanon’s political arena. After the resignation of former Prime Minister Saad Hariri in October last year amid protests, diab was sworn in with the support of Islamic Shiites and the Christian Maronite Party led by President Michel Orn. According to the New York Times, diab is widely regarded as an inexperienced but ambitious “outsider”, many of Lebanon’s problems were deeply rooted before he took office, and he found himself unable to reverse the situation. The media in Lebanon generally believe that the new government has no autonomy, but is controlled by the political elites behind it. < / P > < p > “the lack of governance capacity of the government of Lebanon is due to the lack of willingness of political elites to govern. The ability of governance can be improved at any time. The government just doesn’t care about the people’s lives. They only care about how to manipulate politics under the sectarian system. ” Makram Rabah, a lecturer in the History Department of American University in Beirut and author of the book conflict in Mount Lebanon: Druids, Maronites and collective memory, told the news. < / P > < p > “(vested interests) do not allow social mobility, those excellent talents have left, and the rest of the government are corrupt officials who engage in big bribes.” According to rabbaha, the real problem in Lebanon is that the social elites are only concerned about how to obtain resources through governance, and they are indifferent to the economic, educational and public security issues that the people are concerned about. After the resignation of the cabinet, Jenna and other protestors believed that the protest “achieved preliminary results”. Al Jazeera reported that rami Khouri, a professor at the American University in Beirut, described the developments of the past week as “a historic turning point in the just begun modern political governance of Lebanon.” According to hori, there are two main forces in Lebanon, one is its allies, the other is the protestors, the latter covers a wide range of people, but it does represent the majority of the people in Lebanon. “The problem is, they have to have serious negotiations now.” Holly pointed out that it is possible eventually to establish a “mixed government” responsible for solving the key problems in Lebanon.
“novel coronavirus pneumonia will be exacerbated by the resignation of the cabinet.” Tamara Baru, an international scholar at the University of Lebanon, expressed his concern about the surging news. “We need a government, and the people of Lebanon can’t afford more.” < / P > < p > in the wake of the Beirut bombings, at least seven of the 128 members of the parliament have resigned, which is not enough to promote a new round of elections. Therefore, diab will continue to be the Prime Minister of the caretaker government while the factions are deliberating on the new prime minister. “New York Times” analysis believes that this means that the government of Lebanon may always be “slow to respond” before the establishment of a new cabinet, and this state may continue for several months. Later on August 10, President Michelle ORN accepted diab’s resignation. After accepting the resignation of the prime minister, the president will appoint the next prime minister after the election and consultation of all parties, and the new prime minister will appoint the next cabinet member. But Jenna told the surging news that the protestors did not want this “game of reincarnation”, but wanted to change the parliament. Factional strife in parliament has always been an obstacle to the functioning of the political process in Lebanon. According to reports in Lebanon, it took nearly two and a half years for former President Michel Suleiman to leave office in May 2014, and it took nearly two and a half years for the parliament to elect president Michel Orn. During this period, there were 45 delays in the presidential election because the various camps could not reach a consensus on the presidential candidate. After the resignation of former Prime Minister Hariri, the dispute over the choice of a new prime minister in Parliament lasted for more than two months. < / P > < p > “although they quit, the confrontation will continue.” “In Lebanon, real politics takes place outside the cabinet,” Rabbah told the news