Affected by the epidemic situation, the extensive “foot ban” adopted by the Japanese government has brought social and economic activities to a freezing point. In terms of specific indicators, Japan’s economic indicators in the second quarter shrank significantly, and domestic and foreign demand decreased significantly. Private investment shrank by at least 2.5% of GDP in the quarter, and private investment decreased by at least 2.5% in the quarter on quarter (P < 0.05). < p > < p > for Japan’s economy in the second quarter of the sharp decline, all sectors have long expected. On April 7, the Japanese government issued a “Declaration of emergency” to seven prefectures and counties, including Tokyo and Osaka Prefecture, and extended the scope of application to the whole country on April 16, and announced the complete lifting of the state of emergency on May 25. < / P > < p > “after entering the state of emergency in April and may, Japan’s economy was artificially stopped, so it suffered such a serious impact.” Japan’s economic regeneration minister Yasunari Nishimura said at the press conference. According to Japanese media reports, the number of tourists to Japan in April this year was about 2900, down 99.9% from the same period last year. This is not only the largest percentage drop in history, but also the lowest number of foreign visitors since February 1964. At the end of May, when Japan announced the “unsealing”, although the epidemic situation in Japan had slowed down as a whole, the data showed that since mid June, the epidemic situation in Japan had rebounded significantly, and the cumulative number of confirmed cases increased from about 16000 at the end of May to 56000 at present. < p > < p > the latest epidemic data show that since August, the epidemic situation is still serious. As of the evening of August 16, 1021 new cases were confirmed in Japan on the same day, with more than 1000 new confirmed cases for 4 consecutive days. Since August, more than 1000 new cases have been confirmed in 12 days. Among them, Tokyo, Osaka and other economically developed cities are the hardest hit areas of the epidemic, and the newly diagnosed cases in Japan are all around 100. More than 200 new confirmed cases have been reported in Tokyo for 5 consecutive days, and 17714 cases have been confirmed so far; Osaka Prefecture has added more than 100 confirmed cases for 13 consecutive days. There is no doubt that the economic rebound in Mongolia has cast a shadow on Japan’s economy. According to a recent Japanese media report, 789 enterprises with debts of more than 10 million yen went bankrupt in July, setting a record high for two consecutive months. Among them, novel coronavirus pneumonia related bankruptcies were 89, and remained at a high level. The recurrence of the epidemic also had a negative inhibitory effect on consumption. Takeshi Miwa, chief Japanese economist at Nomura Securities, said the rebound in personal consumption was only temporary because of concerns about a resurgence of the epidemic and bad weather. With the re emergence of the epidemic, people have become more cautious about consumption. Due to the continuous spread of the epidemic in the world, the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games, originally planned to be held this summer, has been postponed to next summer. However, since August, the repeated epidemic situation in Japan has made the Tokyo Olympic Games, which was originally delayed for one year, once again shrouded in a layer of uncertainty. At a press conference on August 4, Kota Zhengzhe, spokesman of the Tokyo Olympic Organizing Committee, said that the final way to host the Olympic Games remains to be seen in the development of the epidemic situation and the results of consultations among all parties. However, there is no doubt that Japan has devoted all its efforts and placed great hopes on the hosting of the Olympic Games. According to statistics, Japan’s overall cost of preparing for the Olympic Games has reached 26 billion US dollars, and the investment in stadium construction alone has exceeded the sum of the previous five games. Some media predict that the postponement of the Olympic Games will lead to more than 3 billion US dollars of domestic commercial sponsorship losses and about 12 billion US dollars of Japanese government preparation expenditure losses. In recent years, Japan’s economy has shown a weak trend. Japanese institutions and economists generally believe that the epidemic has severely damaged the Japanese economy and the Japanese economy is in recession. In its world economic outlook in June, the IMF also lowered its expectation of Japan’s economic growth: GDP growth in 2020 is expected to be – 5.8%, compared with – 5.2% previously expected. In order to stimulate the economy, the Japanese government has previously approved the largest economic stimulus plan in history, with a total amount of 108 trillion yen, including 39.5 trillion yen of fiscal expenditure. But even so, Fitch’s recent warning of Japan’s deteriorating budget position predicts a significant increase in Japan’s public debt over the next two years. Under the circumstances of intensified epidemic situation and uncertain economic situation, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is undoubtedly under great pressure. According to Japanese media reports, Abe is in poor health due to overwork recently. On the 17th, Japanese media reported that Abe went to Qingying university hospital for routine physical examination.